What are the 5 longest rivers in the world?

Rivers are at the heart of the evolution of the world’s civilizations. They have enabled the creation of some of the world’s greatest cities, and even today they shape our borders. The most powerful rivers carry our imaginations as much as fertile silt. Among them, some stand out for their extraordinary size. Their titanic course crosses continents and borders.

Rivers have been indispensable to all civilizations, from the Nile to the Dnieper and the Tigris, and have played a major role in the growth of certain empires. Even today, they are the focus of attention for their strategic importance in terms of water supply and ecology. Some of these rivers have become more strategic than others, due to their size and length. Here are the 5 longest rivers in the world.

Top 5 longest rivers in the world

Here’s a list of the 5 longest rivers in the world. The ranking of the first two rivers, the Amazon and the Nile, was finalized a few years ago, after lengthy debates between researchers and geographers.

Amazon: 6,992 km

Crossing South America, the Amazon impresses with its gigantic flow and the exceptional biodiversity of its basin. This titanic river, the longest in the world at 6,992km and in places over 10km wide, is home to a fifth of the planet’s freshwater reserves. Unfortunately, massive deforestation is threatening the fragile balance of this jewel of nature.

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The Nile: 6,852 km

The Nile, located in Africa, is the second longest river in the world at 6,852 kilometers. Proof of the historical importance of this majestic river, ancient Egyptian civilizations developed along its fertile banks thousands of years ago. Today, the Nile remains vital to Egypt, providing water for agriculture and cities.

Yangtze: 6,380 km

Nicknamed the Blue Dragon, the Yangtze is Asia’s longest river. For millennia, it has watered and fertilized China’s agricultural plains before flowing into the China Sea. The Yangtze is of great cultural and economic importance to China. Numerous cities have developed along its course, including Shanghai, the country’s economic powerhouse.

The Mississippi: 6,275 km

The vital artery of the United States, the majestic Mississippi drains water from the center of the country before joining the Gulf of Mexico via Louisiana. Native Americans lived off its riches long before the arrival of European settlers. Today, the Mississippi remains a major transportation route and an indispensable source of water for American agriculture and cities.

The Yenissei: 5,539 km

The Yenisei, one of Siberia’s great rivers, flows northwards before emptying into the Kara Sea. Its uninhabited banks are home to exceptional wildlife. The Yenisei carries millions of tons of timber and provides Russia with hydroelectricity. But pollution threatens this unspoilt river.

Yellow River: 5,464 km

Nicknamed the “Sorrow of China” because of its devastating floods, the Yellow River is vital for the irrigation of farmland in northern China. Unfortunately, its flow is diminishing and the Yellow River is drying up in places, posing a risk to China’s food security. A major challenge in a country of 1.4 billion inhabitants.

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The Ob: 3,700 km

The Ob is one of the great rivers of western Siberia. Rising in the Altai Mountains, it flows through grandiose landscapes before emptying into a gulf in the Arctic Ocean. Its waters are used to generate electricity and as a transport route to Russia’s Far North.

Congo: 4,700 km

The Congo River drains an immense watershed in Central Africa. Its spectacular rapids provide the region with colossal hydroelectric potential. The Congo remains under-exploited, however, due to a lack of infrastructure in a troubled region. River navigation is difficult. The Congo discharges its muddy waters into the Atlantic Ocean.

The Lena: 4,400 km

Flowing through Siberia, the Lena is a mighty river that carries meltwater from the permafrost to the Laptev Sea. Its wild, isolated banks are sparsely populated. The Lena freezes over in winter, isolating the few villages it flows through. But it is vital for transport during the short summer season in this inhospitable region.

The Mekong: 4,350 km

The Mekong, Southeast Asia’s mythical river, flows through six countries before emptying into the South China Sea. A source of fish and agricultural fertility for tens of millions of people, the Mekong’s flow is threatened by hydroelectric dams. A crucial issue for food security and ecosystems throughout the region.